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1989-1991 Atlanta Attack

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1989-90 Atlanta Attack ProgramAmerican Indoor Soccer Association (1989-1990)
National Professional Soccer League (1990-1991)

Born: August 1989 – AISA expansion franchise
Moved: September 4, 1991 (Kansas City Attack)

Arena: The Omni

Team Colors:

Owner: Ron Terwilliger

AISA Championships: None
NPSL Championships: None


Short-lived effort to establish the sport of indoor soccer at Atlanta’s Omni coliseum. The Atlanta Attack followed the earlier efforts of the Atlanta Chiefs of the North American Soccer League, who played two indoor campaigns at the Omni between 1979 and 1981.

The Attack formed as an expansion franchise in the five-year old American Indoor Soccer Association. Bt 1989, the AISA was starting to stretch its ambitions beyond 5,000-seater civic centers in the Upper Midwest. Attack founder Ron Terwilliger, one of the league’s wealthiest owners, was also offered a franchise in the larger budget Major Indoor Soccer League. And the Omni was more typical of the MISL, whose clubs often played in NBA and NHL arenas. But the housing developer was reportedly put off by the MISL’s much higher salary cap.

Croatian forward Drago Dumbovic was expected to be the Attack’s top scoring threat in 1989-90. But after a hot start, Atlanta traded Drago to the Hershey Impact two months into the season in January 1990. Drago went on to lead the AISA in scoring with 100 goals and 67 assists, most coming with Hershey. Despite trading away the league’s most explosive player, the Attack finished their expansion campaign with a respectable 2nd place finish in their division at 23-17. The Dayton Dynamo eliminated the Attack in the playoff semi-finals.

Heading into the 1990-91 season, the AISA re-branded itself as the National Professional Soccer League (NPSL). The Attack fielded another strong side, finishing 25-15. Journeyman Yugoslav forward Zoran Savic led the Attack with 56 goals and 33 assists. Once again, the Dayton Dynamo bounced Atlanta out of the playoffs.

The Attack’s top-dollar lease at the Omni proved to be the club’s undoing. New owners moved the team to Kansas City just prior to the 1991-92 NPSL season.

Former Attack owner Ron Terwilliger flirted with purchasing the Atlanta Braves in the mid-2000’s. He later purchased the Atlanta Dream of the Women’s National Basketball Association and operated that team from 2007 until 2009.


Atlanta Attack Video

This grainy 3-minute clip of the Attack hosting the Milwaukee Wave at the Omni in 1990 is the only video footage of the club available online.



National Professional Soccer League Media Guides

National Professional Soccer League Programs


Written by Drew Crossley

November 6th, 2016 at 7:35 pm

1988-1996 Chicago Power

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Chicago Power ProgramAmerican Indoor Soccer Association (1988-1990)
National Professional Soccer League (1990-1996)

Born: 1988 – AISA expansion franchise.
Moved: August 23, 1996 (Edmonton Drillers)


Team Colors:




The Chicago Power were an indoor soccer club formed in 1988.  The Power were basically a lower-budget successor to the Chicago Sting (1975-1988), the city’s popular and long-running pro side that went out of business in July of 1988.  Several weeks after the Sting closed their doors, a former Sting investor named Lou Weisbach purchased an expansion franchise in the American Indoor Soccer Association (AISA) and arranged a lease with the Sting’s former home, the Rosement Horizon, for the winter of 1988-89.

Karl-Heinz Granitza, the German striker who had been the Sting’s greatest star from 1979-1987, signed on as player-coach and part-owner.  Other former Sting regulars such as Batata, Bret Hall, Manny Rojas, and Teddy Krafft soon signed with the Power as well.

The team had a promising expansion campaign, advancing to the AISA championship series before losing to the Canton Invaders.  The Power’s sophomore season was less fortunate. Granitza, the club’s top scorer, broke his ankle in December 1989.  Two months later, he was fired as coach by Power owner Lou Weisbach during a lengthy losing streak and relinquished his 25% ownership stake in the team.

Weisbach fired the staff in the summer of 1990nd was on the verge of closing the team when white knight businessman Ron Bergstrom stepped in to rescue the Power on the eve of the 1990-91 season.  Bergstrom tried to lure back Granitza, but the German had had enough.  Instead, the new owner turned to Pato Margetic, another popular ex-Sting star of the early 80’s, for the player-coach role.

Margetic led the Power to their first and only championship season in the newly renamed National Professional Soccer League (NPSL) in the spring of 1991.  The Power swept the Dayton Dynamo in three straight games in the finals.

The Power’s fortunes faded after Ron Bergstrom withdrew financial support of the team following the 1993-94 season.  New owners failed to materialize but the NPSL was loath to lose the Chicago market, so the team tottered along as a league-operated doormat for two final seasons in 1994-95 and 1995-96.  The team also lost its long-time home at the suburban Rosemont Horizon after the popular Chicago Wolves minor league hockey team launched in 1994.

The Power were finally euthanized in August 1996 when Edmonton Oilers owner Peter Pocklington purchased the carcass of the club from the NPSL and moved it north of the border to Edmonton.


==Chicago Power Programs on Fun While It Lasted==

Season Date Opponent Score Program Other


1988-89 11/11/1988 @ Canton Invaders ?? Program
1988-89 12/30/1988 @ Canton Invaders ?? Program
1988-89 2/26/1989 @ Canton Invaders L 19-4 Program


1989-90 2/19/1990 @ Milwaukee Wave W 11-9 (OT) Program


1990-91 11/25/1990 vs. Illinois Thunder ?? Program Game Notes



National Professional Soccer League Media Guides

National Professional Soccer League Programs


1975-1993 Tampa Bay Rowdies

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Tampa Bay Rowdies 1975North American Soccer League (1975-1984)
American Indoor Soccer Association (1986-1987)
American Soccer League (1988-1989)
American Professional Soccer League (1990-1993)

Born: 1974 – NASL expansion franchise.
Folded: January 31, 1994


  • 1975-1990: Tampa Stadium (71,000)
  • 1991-1992: USF Soccer Stadium
  • 1993: Tampa Stadium


Team Colors: Green, Yellow & White



Text coming soon…


Tampa Bay Rowdies Shop

Rowdies Retro T-Shirt by Throwback Max

Rock n’ Roll Soccer: The Short Life & Fast Times of the North American Soccer League by Ian Plenderleith


Tampa Bay Rowdies Memorabilia


Rowdies Video

Rowdies versus Philadelphia Fury at Tampa Stadium. August 25, 1979


In Memoriam

Haitain defender Arsene Auguste (1975-1980) died of a heart attack on March 20th, 1993 at age 42.

Midfielder Glenn Myernick (1983-1984) suffered a heart attack while jogging.  Passed October 9, 2006 at 51 years old.

Defender Sandje Ivanchukov (1978-1980) passed away August 29, 2007 at the age of 47.

English mid Graham Paddon, who came over on loan from Norwich City in 1978, died November 19, 2007 at 57.

Defender Barry Kitchener, who played on loan from Millwall in 1979, died of cancer on March 30, 2012.  Kitchener was 64.

Pedro DeBrito, the 1982 NASL Rookie-of-the-Year with the Rowdies, died at 55 of injuries from a car accident. July 5th, 2014.



North American Soccer League Media Guides

North American Soccer League Programs


1986-1989 Fort Wayne Flames

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Fort Wayne FlamesAmerican Indoor Soccer Association (1986-1989)

Born: 1986 – AISA expansion franchise.
Folded: 1989.

Arena: Allen County War Memorial Coliseum

Team Colors:



The Fort Wayne Flames were a pro indoor soccer outfit that played three seasons in the American Indoor Soccer Association in the late 1980’s.  The AISA started out as a Midwestern regional bus league in 1984, playing a distinct second fiddle to the big budget Major Indoor Soccer League (MISL).  The Flames entered the league as the organization was getting slightly more ambitious, expanding south into Jacksonville, Memphis and Tampa Bay.

Fort Wayne FlamesThe Flames did manage to attract some top indoor players as they were winding down their careers in the lower leagues.  Argentinean forward Ricardo Alonso, a former All-Star in the outdoor North American Soccer League, played for the Flames in the 1988-89 season.  Angelo DiBernardo, a former member of the New York Cosmos who played at Indiana University (1976-1978), coached the team for the 1987-88 season.  The following year Dave MacKenzie replaced DiBernardo as a player-coach.  MacKenzie was the all-time games played leader in the MISL at the time.  MacKenzie’s season in Fort Wayne would be his last as a player.

The Flames finest hour came at the end of the 1988 season.  Instead of a traditional playoff format, the AISA experimented with something called the Challenge Cup – a sort of season within the season to determine the league champion.  (The Challenge Cup even included a team – the Jacksonville Generals – that hadn’t taken part in the regular season).  The Flames were ordinary in the regular season, with a 9-15 record under DiBernardo’s direction.  But they got hot in the Challenge Cup, advancing to host the championship game against the Canton Invaders at the Allen County War Memorial.  The Flames lost the title game 5-4

The Fort Wayne Flames folded at the end of their third season in the spring of 1989.  Shortly afterwards, the AISA awarded a new expansion franchise to replace the Flames in Fort Wayne.  Dubbed the Indiana Kick, the new club only lasted one season before going out as business as well.


==Fort Wayne Flames Matches on Fun While It Lasted==

Season Date Opponent Score Program Other
1986-87 11/15/1986 @ Memphis Storm ?? Program
1986-87 12/19/1986 @ Canton Invaders ?? Video
1986-87 1/17/1987 vs. Memphis Storm ?? Program
1986-87 1/27/1987 @ Canton Invaders ?? Video
1986-87 2/14/1987 @ Canton Invaders ?? Video
1987-88 4/1/1988 vs. Canton Invaders ?? Program
1988-89 11/19/1988 @ Canton Invaders ?? Program
1988-89 12/16/1988 vs. Milwaukee Wave ?? Program
1988-89 1/28/1989 @ Canton Invaders ?? Program



The Flames play the Canton Invaders on the road in Ohio.  Valentine’s Day 1987.




National Professional Soccer League Media Guides

National Professional Soccer League Programs




1986-1989 Memphis Storm

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American Indoor Soccer Association (1986-1989)

Born: May 1986 – AISA expansion franchise.
Died: 1989 – Re-branded as the Memphis Rogues.

Arena: Mid-South Coliseum

Team Colors:

Owners: Cameron Trail


The Memphis Storm (1986-1989) were the third and final attempt to make a buck off of indoor soccer at Memphis’ Mid-South Coliseum during the 1980’s.  This rare program is from the Storm’s inaugural match on November 15, 1986 against the visiting Fort Wayne Flames.

The hybrid sport briefly captivated Memphis sports fans in the winter of 1979-80.  At the time, the city had a losing, unpopular outdoor soccer team in the North American Soccer League (1968-1984) called the Memphis Rogues.  The Rogues drew poorly in the summer time at the Liberty Bowl, but when the NASL experimented with a winter indoor season 1979, Memphians suddenly went nuts for the game.

“We played indoor soccer there when no one knew anything about it and we sold out every game,” former Rogues GM Rudi Schiffer recalled in 2011.  “We won the Western Division championship and had a heckuva team. We did that with a lot of promotions and it was wild and exciting and everybody loved it.  We sold every ticket in the house.  But that all faded when the team moved to Canada.”

Rogues owner Avron Fogelman sold the Rogues later in 1980 and the club moved to Calgary.  Outdoor soccer in Memphis was gone for good, but the Rogues’ intriguing success indoors continued to tempt investors.

First up was Athletes in Action, the Christian sports ministry. Nine months after the Rogues left town, AIA bought a bankrupt Major Indoor Soccer League franchise from Hartford and moved it to Memphis.  The club was called the “Hellions” and their logo featured a depiction of Satan.  The evangelical group vanquished Satan, renamed the team the “Americans”, and dressed the players in patriotic Red, White & Blue.  The Americans lasted three seasons at the Mid-South Coliseum from 1981 to 1984, but never truly thrilled the city the way the Rogues did.  In May 1984, new owners moved the Americans to Las Vegas – Sin City.

Toni Carbognani Memphis AmericansThe Memphis Storm arrived in town as an American Indoor Soccer Association expansion franchise in May 1986.  The AISA was basically a low-budget Midwestern bus league at the time.  Speculators kept betting on Memphis, but each successive Memphis soccer team was getting chintzier and chintzier.  Original Rogues owner Harry Mangurian also owned the Boston Celtics.  His successor at the Rogues, Avron Fogelman, was a real estate titan who later owned the Kansas City Royals.  By contrast, the neophyte owner of the Memphis Storm was Cameron Trail, a 25-year old whose previous business experience was owning a string of ice cream parlors.

Nevertheless, GM Chris Bartels put together a solid veteran squad, led by Argentinean midfielder and fan favorite Toni Carbognani.  Carbognani is the only player to suit up for all three of Memphis’ pro teams in the 80’s – the Rogues, the Americans and the Storm.  The Storm lured several other talented vets from the higher-paying MISL, including Oscar Albuquerque, Terry Nicholl, Tony Peszneker and Gregg Willin.

The Storm were competitive for their first two seasons, even winning the AISA title during an abbreviated 1987-88 season, which saw the league reduced to just four franchises.  Financial problems set in sometime around the Storm’s third season in 1989.  New ownership took over for the club’s fourth season in the winter of 1989-90.  They desperately tried to reignite interest in the team by dropping the “Storm” name and reviving the Memphis Rogues brand, but by the Rogues brief heyday was a decade in the past and largely forgotten.  The 1989-90 Rogues cemented their fate by finishing a league-worst 6-34 and folded shortly thereafter.


==In Memoriam==

Storm defender Art Hughes died in a car accident in 1990. The Memphis native was 24 years old.



1986-87 Memphis Storm roster as of 11-15-1986



American Indoor Soccer Association Media Guides

American Indoor Soccer Association Programs




Written by AC

December 4th, 2012 at 3:53 am


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